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Decoding Dog Body Language, Understanding Their Environment, Interactions, and Commands

Updated: Aug 29, 2023

Dog Blog written by Peter Bonney Director 'Bonnies Dog Obedience and Puppy Schools' and master puppy trainer. www.bonneis.com.au : In the world of dogs, communication goes far beyond barking and wagging tails. Their body language serves as a rich and intricate form of expression, allowing them to understand their environment, interact with other dogs, and even comprehend human commands given as gestures. Learning and Decoding Dog Body Language, to read your puppies body language is crucial for understanding their fears, anxieties, joys, and overall well-being. In this Bonnies dog blog, we will delve into the fascinating realm of dog body language and explore how it plays a vital role in canine communication.



Yes your dog reads you like a book
Dog - Human each can read each other.

  1. Body Language for Understanding the Environment: Dogs rely on their body language to navigate and comprehend their surroundings. By observing their posture, facial expressions, and tail movements, we can gain insights into their comfort level, curiosity, fear, and territorial instincts. Understanding their body language helps us create an environment that promotes their safety, relaxation, and overall happiness. This is something which we as humans need to learn over time. The great thing is that we already give our puppy a lot of our time - lovingly and when we can. We often make time when our puppy is young so invest your time really watching your puppy. Their walk and gate, their facial expressions and their funny little movements and whinges when they want to go to the bathroom. At 'Puppy Magic' classes we always try to get the families to watch and learn. It's fun too.

  2. Body Language for Reading Other Dogs: When dogs interact with each other, their body language becomes the primary means of communication. Through a combination of subtle cues and overt displays, dogs convey their intentions, assert dominance, establish boundaries, and express submission using various body postures, tail positions, ear movements, and facial expressions. By interpreting these puppy cues coming from other puppies our ball of joy will learn how to read another dog. One of the biggest mistakes people make is not knowing how to socalise their puppy to give their puppy a head start to life. This understanding is particularly important when managing the socialisation of our puppies, especially during their early stages of learning. While traditional off-leash socialisation remains common, many professional dog trainers now advocate for a controlled and managed introduction, often using leashes. This approach allows us to better guide and support our puppies, considering factors such as their age, confidence level, and prior experiences outside the home. If you puppy backs off a little, that's ok. Let them. Sometimes a puppy just needs to watch for a while to become confident with everything we want to teach them. We have puppies who on the first night don't want to be in the face of other puppies - their scared and unsure. Giving them time to watch and learn always works. Careful don't pick them up. Let them chill on lead.

  3. Understanding Dog Body Language in Command Gestures: Dogs possess a remarkable ability to interpret human gestures alongside verbal or other audible signals such as whistle commands. Utilising hand signals to teach commands such as "Sit," "Drop/Down," "Come," "Stand," and more is, in our opinion, great training practice. By closely observing and understanding our dog's body language, we can effectively communicate our expectations during training sessions. Through observing our puppies responses, we can refine our gestures - making it slower or ensuring the puppy can see the signal, to enhance clarity and synchronisation, resulting in more successful training outcomes. Clear body language not only facilitates effective communication but also offers several compelling reasons for puppy owners to incorporate it into their training routines. It requires consistency. It really is very effective when used with voice commands. Dogs can be trained on hand and body language without and sound at all. Deaf puppies.

  4. Precise Communication: Dogs are visually perceptive and readily pick up on human body language. By using clear and consistent gestures, we provide dogs with unambiguous cues that help them understand the desired command more easily. This precision improves the overall effectiveness of our training efforts. Check out 'Agility at Crufts' to see what this looks like. When my mum, Val Bonney was winning hundreds of Obedience trials and becoming a Judge for Obedience always says 'If you not CLEAN and CRISP when giving a dog instructions you just lost a point. Simply - be specific with signals.

  5. Non-Verbal Comprehension: Dogs naturally rely on body language as a primary mode of communication. Incorporating gestures into our commands taps into their innate ability to read and respond to non-verbal signals. It strengthens the bond between the dog and the owner while creating a more engaging and interactive training experience.

  6. Reinforcement of Verbal Commands: Combining gestures with verbal commands reinforces the association between the command and the desired behavior. When dogs consistently see the same hand signal accompanied by the corresponding verbal cue, they develop a stronger understanding and response to the command.

  7. Universal Communication: Clear body language transcends language barriers. It allows us to communicate effectively with dogs from different backgrounds, including rescue dogs with unknown language cues or those from non-English-speaking environments. This inclusivity promotes successful training and opens doors to positive interactions with a diverse range of dogs. This is a real advantage to a family where some people don't speak English. Actually the dog can learn any language. We just need one - body language.

  8. Job-Specific Commands: Beyond basic obedience commands, dogs can be trained to perform specific tasks such as finding objects, jumping obstacles, or even assisting with various jobs. Incorporating precise gestures in these specialized commands helps dogs understand their role, focus on the task at hand, and execute it with accuracy. Every service utilising dogs for defence, fire and rescue and others have hundreds of signals each very diverse.


Its not easy at first to fully understand a dogs body language
Dogs have lots of body language signs


By incorporating clear and consistent body language in command gestures, puppy owners can improve their training sessions, enhance communication with their dogs, and achieve more reliable and impressive results. It strengthens the bond between owner and puppy while creating an enjoyable and fulfilling training journey for both parties involved.

  1. Importance of Understanding Dog Body Language:

  2. a. Identifying Fears and Anxieties: Dogs may exhibit specific body language cues when they feel afraid, anxious, or stressed. Recognising these signs allows us to address their fears and provide appropriate support and comfort. Each trainer at 'Bonnies Dog Obedience and Puppy School' in Brisbane is always looking for any signs of stress in puppies at training. What does this look like? See blow.

  3. b. Promoting a Joyful Environment: By understanding a dog's body language, we can identify their sources of joy, such as a wagging tail, relaxed posture, or playful movements. This knowledge enables us to create a joyful and enriching environment for our puppy.

  4. c. Enhancing Bonding and Communication: Dogs are more likely to trust and connect with individuals who understand their body language. By effectively reading their signals, we can build a stronger bond and communicate more effectively with our canine 'Best Mate'.

  5. What Does Dog Body Language Look Like? Dog body language encompasses a wide range of signals, including:

  • Tail positions: wagging, tucked, stiff, high, low

  • Ear movements: forward, backward, flattened

  • Eye contact: direct, averting gaze, staring

  • Postures: relaxed, tense, crouching, submissive, dominant

  • Facial expressions: relaxed mouth, bared teeth, raised hackles

  • Vocalisations: barking, growling, whimpering


When a puppy is stressed or anxious, they may exhibit various body language cues that indicate their discomfort. Here are some common signs to watch for:

  1. Cowering or Trembling: A stressed or anxious puppy may hunch down, tuck their tail between their legs, and tremble.

  2. Avoidance: The puppy may try to escape or avoid certain situations by hiding, retreating to a corner, or seeking shelter.

  3. Excessive Panting: Rapid and excessive panting, even when the weather is not hot, can be a sign of stress or anxiety.

  4. Pacing or Restlessness: The puppy may exhibit restless behavior, constantly moving back and forth or unable to settle down.

  5. Lip Licking and Yawning: Dogs often lick their lips or yawn when they are stressed or anxious, even if they are not hungry or tired.

  6. Excessive Shedding: Stress can cause a puppy to shed more fur than usual, resulting in clumps of hair being left behind.

  7. Dilated Pupils: When a puppy is stressed, their pupils may appear larger than usual.

  8. Excessive Drooling: Stress or anxiety can cause a puppy to salivate more than usual, resulting in excessive drooling.

  9. Excessive Barking or Whining: A stressed puppy may vocalize more frequently or excessively bark or whine.

  10. Loss of Appetite: Stress and anxiety can lead to a decreased appetite or a complete loss of interest in food.

It's important to note that individual puppies may display varying degrees and combinations of these body language cues when stressed or anxious. If you notice these signs in your puppy, it's crucial to provide a calm and safe environment, offer reassurance, and consult with a veterinarian or professional dog trainer for guidance on managing their stress and anxiety effectively.


Conclusion: Decoding Dog Body Language: Strengthening the Bond with our Canine Companions

Understanding dog body language is a valuable skill that allows us to connect with our furry friends on a deeper and more meaningful level. By deciphering their signals and cues, we gain insights into their emotions, needs, and desires. This understanding empowers us to create a nurturing and supportive environment, ensure positive interactions with other dogs, and effectively communicate commands.

I encourage you to share this article with fellow puppy and dog owners, as it can provide them with insights into the fascinating world of dog body language. By engaging in conversations with other owners, we can exchange experiences, tips, and advice, ultimately fostering a community of informed and compassionate caregivers.



Peter Bonney is one of Australias best known Puppy Trainers.
Master puppy trainer in Brisbane - Peter Bonney


Secrets to Successful Dog Training Today! Share this valuable information with your fellow dog and puppy owners, because knowledge is power. Don't waste time searching for generic terms like 'dog training Brisbane' or 'dog training near me'. Instead, visit bonnies.com.au for expert insights and solutions tailored to your needs. Explore our other informative articles to expand your understanding even further. We value your input, so please leave a comment if you have any training suggestions or topics you'd like more information on. Don't miss out on this opportunity to enhance your dog training journey. Take action now and unleash the full potential of your four-legged companion! Cheers, Peter.


Please share this article with your friends and fellow puppy and dog owners. Leave a comment below to share your experiences or insights into dog body language. Let's continue to learn and grow together as responsible pet owners.


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